Effects of Demonstration Method on Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Geographic Information System (GIS) in Abaji Area Council, FCT-Abuja
The study investigated the effects of demonstration method on senior secondary school students’ achievement in Geographic Information System (GIS). Six research questions and six null hypotheses were generated. The quasi experimental design which employed the non-randomized pretest-post test control group design was adopted. The study was conducted in Abaji Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, with a study sample consisting of 310 SS2 students were drawn using purposive sampling technique and four intact classes emerged. This comprised of two experimental group and two control groups. The experimental group was taught using demonstration method while the control group was taught using the conventional lecture method for a consecutive period of five weeks. Geographic Information System Achievement Test (GISAT) was developed to collect data on students’ achievement in GIS. The instrument was validated by experts and GISAT reliability was tested at .802 using the Pearson Correlations at .01 level of significance. Research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation while t-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were adopted for data analysis. Results from the study revealed that demonstration method of teaching was effective in improving students’ achievement in learning of GIS compared to conventional lecture method. It also showed that male students have higher achievement scores in GIS compared to their female counterparts.
Keywords: GIS, Achievement, Demonstration Method, Lecture Method School location and Gender.