School Administrators Knowledge of Insecurity and Management Skills against Insurgency in Public Secondary Schools in Edo State
Educational institutions in Nigeria today are vulnerable to security threats and attacks. This ugly phenomenon is affecting educational growth and development in the country. Poor school attendance, low enrolment and increasing school dropout is now trending at the primary and secondary school systems especially. The study therefore investigated the knowledge and security management skills possessed by public secondary school administrators in Edo State. Deliberate sampling technique was used to select sixty (60) school administrators from Edo State public secondary schools for the study based on the variables of type of school, location and gender. A self-developed instrument by the researchers: school Administrators security knowledge and management skills Questionnaire (SASKMSQ) was used to collect relevant data for the study. Percentage, mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics were used to analyse the relevant data collected for the study. The finding revealed that Edo State public secondary school administrators have knowledge of security issues in the school system but they possess little security management skills that could be used to manage effectively the school system against physical threat and attacks on lives and properties in the school system. The study however established that there is a significant difference in the security management skills possessed by school administrators from modern and general public secondary schools; between male and female school administrators. A no significant difference was found to exist between the security management skills of urban and rural school administrators in Edo State. Consequently the study recommended among others that school administrators in Edo State public secondary institutions should be more proactive and effective in the areas of security management. Internal school discipline should be maintained while regular checks on school facilities for possible repairs should be regularly carried out for the purpose of school security that will guarantee the attainment of school goals.
Keywords: School, administrators, knowledge, security, management, skill