An Assessment of Deficit in Traditional Institution for the Management of Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict in Oyo State, Nigeria
Leadership is appreciated in the capability to manage conflict effectively without aggravating insecurity as found in the farmers-herdsmen describes as the fourth terrorist groups in the world because management of this resource-based conflict improves security. This paper focuses on the effective management traditional institution provides as well as development of socio-economic activities of the people, though acknowledges socio-economic implication of farmers-herdsmen. This paper anchors protracted social conflict theory that emphasises certain age-long defective conditions nourish protraction of conflict in any society. Methodologically, primary and secondary data sources are employed in this study and analysing the findings using descriptive and content techniques. The roles of traditional rulers as the custodian of culture as well as land lords could be an effective strategies to transform the conflict if not for rupture within the traditional institutions because government measures- litigation, Amotekun Security operatives, Agro Rangers, and Anti-Grazing law had effectively mitigate farmers-herdsmen conflict. The increase insecurity indices such as raping, armed robbery, kidnapping, murdering and destruction of farmlands orchestrated by herdsmen provoked various sections and the issuance of quit notice by non state actors in the early hour of 2021 in Oyo State. In conclusion, to overcome the menace of farmers-herdsmen conflict, there should be systematic effort for identifying the root causes of the problem so as to nib it in bulb. More importantly, resolving and strengthening traditional institutions portends an effective measure in the management of the farmers-herdsmen in Oyo State and Nigeria in general.
Keywords: Chieftaincy, farmers-herdsmen, Conflict Management, Traditional Institution, Oyo State