Interrogating Criminal Label and the Scourge of Insecurity in Contemporary Nigeria

  • Adejoh Sunday Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • Sanusi Lawal Muhammad Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria

Abstract

This paper is an attempt to examine the nexus between criminal labelling and the scourge of insecurity in contemporary Nigeria using the farmers-herders conflict, banditry, terrorism, secessionist agitations and the trafficking of persons for sexual exploitation as case studies. The paper attempts a thematic analysis of some selected forms of crime and deviant behaviours in Nigeria, their security implications and their associated labels with a view to appreciating the relationship between Crime, Labelling and Insecurity in Nigeria. Theoretically, the paper adopts the labelling theory by Tannenbaum, Mead, Becker, Lemert, Scheff and Goffman as its theoretical frame for analysis. The paper discovered, that there is a causal relationship between crime, criminal labelling and the scourge of insecurity in Nigeria. Also, the nature of crime and the policing system in Nigeria vis-à-vis the criminal justice system has brought about tags and label for certain forms of crime and the group or people mostly associated with such crime or deviant behaviour. The Fulani ethnicity is now labelled as killer herdsmen and bandits. It therefore, recommended that, the Nigerian criminal justice system and the government should take into consideration the larger picture of labelling certain form of crime that is seemingly peculiar to a group of people, tribe or ethnicity. Security agencies should always   base their actions on investigations and fact rather than prejudices and stereotypes especially when it has to do with crime associated with certain tribes or ethnicity to avoid punishing innocent people.


Keywords: Crime, Security, Label, Terrorism.

Published
2022-01-12
How to Cite
SUNDAY, Adejoh; MUHAMMAD, Sanusi Lawal. Interrogating Criminal Label and the Scourge of Insecurity in Contemporary Nigeria. KIU Journal of Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 4, p. 63-74, jan. 2022. ISSN 2519-0474. Available at: <https://ijhumas.com/ojs/index.php/kiujoss/article/view/1350>. Date accessed: 24 jan. 2022.