Analysis of Socio-Demographic Determinants of Malnutrition among Under Five Children in Mubi South Local Government Area: A Binomial Regression Model Approach
Food insecurity has worsen in Nigeria as farmer fled their farming activities due fear of attacks from worsening insurgent activities in the northeast geo-political zone, which used to be the producer of staple cereals in Nigeria. The paper examines the socio-demographic determinants of malnutrition among children below five years in Adamawa Northern Senatorial Zones, targeted at Mubi-South Local Government Area, of Adamawa State Nigeria. A Binomial Regression Approach was used because the argument is based on whether the child is malnourished or not - a holistic malnutrition view. Findings shows that mothers age, mothers’ education, the type of toilet used, household size, and antenatal (ANC), were not significant and as such does not make any impact as a determining factor of child malnutrition in Mubi South. While mother’s occupation, polygamy, gender and postnatal are positively significant in the overall Wald statistics father’s occupation and education, source of water and breast feeding have positive and negative odd ratio for each variant. It therefore recommended that mothers should adhere to the old practice of exclusive breast feeding. Considering the prevalence of insecurity in the location, government should engage locals in making policies to reduce the level of insecurity which had affected food security and increase levels of malnutrition.
Keywords: Malnutrition, Socio-Demographic Determinant, Food insecurity, Binomial Regression