Constraints to Community-Driven Development Projects in Rural Communities Surrounding Kainji Lake National Park, Niger State, Nigeria
This study was carried out to examine the constraints facing community-driven development projects in rural communities surrounding Kainji Lake National Park, Niger state, Nigeria. Focus group discussion was used comprising of sixty respondents from ten communities around Kainji Lake National Park which was purposively selected. Data were collected using interview guide with the focus group. The data were analyzed using frequency table, percentage, mean and charts. The findings revealed that processing centres (31) construction/maintenance of feeder roads (31), construction/renovation of school buildings (26), boreholes (25), and maintenance/construction of bridges were the major community-driven development projects embarked upon in the study area. Major sources of fund for community-driven development projects were sharing of total cost among community members (73.3%), voluntary donations (66.7%),collections from gate pass (65%), donations from influential people (63.3%) and community heads donation (61.7%.). Promotion of community felt needs, (85%), development of local initiatives (78.3%) and improved standard of living (75%) were the major benefits derived by communities on the projects executed. Finance, (3.82) lack of sustainability (3.59), political instability (3.57), unfaithfulness/ corruption (3.51), poor monitoring and evaluation (3.34), land factor (3.29) and religious crisis within the communities (3.24) were the major constraints faced by the communities members in planning and executing community-driven development projects in the study area. Therefore, it is imperative that extension should work with community leaders and members in their efforts to execute developmental projects in their communities. Charity and non-governmental organizations should come to the aid of community members in securing enough funds to execute projects.
Keywords: Communities, Community-Driven Development, Participation, Constraints, Cooperation, Planning, Execution