This issue of KIU Journal of Humanities deals with organizational development, development administration, entrepreneurial studies, social psychology, education management, human rights and literary analysis.
In Organizational Development, Oluka unravels the challenges of little support from the Government that was suspicious of VTRDO as a collaborator with the rebels that carried out insurgency in Uganda. He concludes by complementing the great job done by VTRDO, particularly the courage, endurance and sacrifice which were made by the organization. Using a purely qualitative approach, Imbuki also demonstrates that the influence of the media in conflict management can not be underestimated. He recommends that content that whatever is published or aired on media should be properly considered in terms of content and packaging in order to avoid instigating conflicts.
In the Second Part which is devoted to Development Administration, Garba and Ongodia portray a positive relationship between social infrastructure and rural community development in Katsina state, Northern Nigeria. They suggest that more awareness should be made to rural populace on the provision of social infrastructure like health facilities, and increase in funding by the government and nongovernmental in the provision of social infrastructures at rural level. Ikegbu argues that bureaucratization is only an ideal model, which does not exist in reality. And for reform agenda to achieve the desired objectives, all stakeholders should be involved in their formulation and implementation. Yakubu also presents the way forward for economic and social aspects of sustainable development in Nigeria, maintaining that the major concern of every government should be how to cater for the needs of its large population and the imperative proper integration of its domestic economy into the world economy in the face of increasing globalization. Osezua finally examines public policies and programmes and national development in Nigeria, suggesting that policies to establish, grow and protect strategic sectors of the economy in job creation should be established.
In part three, Adeyemi argues that entrepreneurship development is crucial to the creation of the required manpower and skills necessary for the acceleration of growth in the Nigerian economy and reduction of unemployment, poverty and over-dependency on the oil sector and the quest for ―paid employment‖.
Ahmed also reports his findings on Youth Entrepreneurship and Poverty Reduction in Tudun Wada Local Government Area of Kano State and recommends the need for the government of Nigeria to keep supporting the youth by providing them with grants, loans, entrepreneurial education and training which will enhance their capacity to self-sustenance and eventual poverty reduction in their households. Investigating the common challenges faced by the local farmers in accessing agricultural credit from commercial banks in Bichi local government, Aliyu reveals that access to agricultural credit has often not being easy given the lack of collateral among farmers, high interest rate, complex bank system and late approval among others. He therefore recommends that in order to get maximum output, polices of commercial banks should be flexible and rate of interest should be less for small farmers than large farmers because small farmers hardly acknowledge their basic need. With the use of cross sectional research design, Sani, Danja and Kibuuka establish that there was a positive relationship between planning skills and career performance.They recommend that entrepreneurship skills acquired through the mandatory entrepreneurship education programme for undergraduate students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria are an important consideration in helping self-employed graduates to enhance their career performance. Bukki also establishes that there was no significant difference in level of the Entrepreneurial Cultures‘ indices of Nigerian Youths in Ogun state-owned Universities and that there were positive relationship between entrepreneurial attribute and entrepreneurial value; entrepreneurial attribute and entrepreneurial mindsets; entrepreneurial attribute and entrepreneurial behaviour; entrepreneurial value and entrepreneurial mindsets; entrepreneurial value and entrepreneurial behaviour while there was no relationship entrepreneurial mindsets and entrepreneurial behaviour. Based on these findings, he recommends that Governments, NGOs and international bodies should assist Nigerian universities to improving undergraduates‘ chances of developing a strong entrepreneurship spirit.
In the Section on Social Psychology, Onifade, Adigun and others establish that eagerness to be pleased and accepted by one‘s friend, struggling to cope with day to day activities could result to drug abuse. They therefore adivse undergraduates to be watchful of the friend they want to make so as to be free from falling prey of drug abuse. Ibraheem and Asagba also recommend among others that government, corporate organizations and philanthropists should assist in the provision of leisure activities and programmes that will bring about good health and fitness of community members.
Under Educational Management, Akinsolu examines the influence of role conflict on academic staffs‘ effectiveness in selected tertiary institutions in Nigeria with particular reference to Osun state and recommends that academic staffs should face less stress and be made more effective in the discharge of their roles most especially in community services and production of high quality publishable academic papers. Adeyemi also proves that there was significant influence of principals‘ participative management style and conflict resolution skills on teachers‘ job commitment in public secondary schools in Ijebu division of Ogun State and suggests that the Ministry of Education should organize extensive in-service development programme and/or encourage the principals to go for short courses in educational management with specific emphasis on leadership skills and styles and conflict management in schools. Olori and Igbosanu finally discuss the the use of computer-based multimedia presentation on Senior Secondary School Students‘ Achievement in Agricultural Science. They conclude that competent ICT teachers, adherence to the application of appropriate instructional technologies to capture and sustain students‘ interest, creation of good learning environment with adequate improvised instructional materials in all secondary schools will enhance achievement and good success in vocational subjects.
In Human Rights, Olatoke evaluate the relationship between the World Trade Organization and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights with a view to determining whether the World Trade Organization has deliberately or inadvertently violated same in the discharge of its functions. Ayinla, Abdulrasaq and Ajakaye analyzed the ACJ Act 2015 in other to point out the salient innovations in the Act, with particularly reference to the inclusion of plea bargain as an ADR Mechanism and the need for a continuous reform. Analysing both international and Nigeria legal frameworks on foetal protection, Ayinla, Ayodele and Ahmad recommend that the foetus rights should only overweigh the pregnant woman‘s rights after balancing both the rights of such foetus and pregnant woman‘s rights as any unfavourable tilt in favour of the foetus against the mother may drive away pregnant women with the greatest need of help.
Through Literary Analysis, Ngwoke examines Amadi‘s drama, and tries to ascertain the extent to which his art in that genre depicts the same aloofness to the malaise of the post-independence African continent as his novels do. Awhefeada also analyzes his poetry collection In My Hermitage depicting it as a significant and poignant statement on contemporary social malaise.
On the whole, articles in this edition of KIU Journal of Humanities are both strongly theoretical and applied. They provide solutions to some of the problems confronting communities, societies, economies, and the environment. The authors‘ teachings and areas of research must certainly influence their perspectives on the diagnoses of the matters they have addressed. The methodologies used in the articles are useful to academics and policy makers. Thank you for reading the articles.

Published: 2017-09-12

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