Effects of Pictorial Organizer on Basic Science and Technology Perceived Difficult Concepts and Students’ Achievement in Plateau State, Nigeria

  • Sonia Ishaku Longyil College of Education Gindiri, Plateau State, Nigeria
  • Felicia O. Agbo University of Jos, Nigeria.


The study adopted Survey and Quasi-experimental research designs, particularly the non-randomized pre-test post-test control group were used to investigate the effects of pictorial organizer on Basic science and Technology perceived difficult concepts and students’ achievement in Plateau State. The population of the study comprised of 1,327 Junior secondary three in the study area. A sample of 162 Junior secondary three student from two public   secondary school in Mangu local Government area of Plateau State were selected using simple random sampling technique. Two research questions and four hypotheses were used. Basic Science and Technology Meaningful Learning Test (BSTMLT) and Basic Science and Technology Achievement Test (BSTAT) were used as instruments for data collection with three (3) essay, one practical question and twenty (20) items and multiple choice items respectively developed by the researchers and were validated by experts. The respective reliability co-efficient values of .738 and .913 were computed using Kuder-Richardson formula 20. The data collected for the study were analysed using Spss version 24.0 through The method of simple percentage, mean, standard Deviation to answer the research questions. While t-test of Independent sample was used in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study showed that pictorial organizer had positive effects on junior secondary three (3) Basic science and Technology students perceived difficult concepts achievement mean scores than those taught with conventional teaching method. On the investigation on gender and school location, there was no significant difference in the achievement of male and female, urban and rural schools using pictorial organizer. This is to say that pictorial organizer has no influence on gender and school location of Basic science and Technology students’ perceived difficult concept achievement. It was recommended among other recommendations that Pictorial organizer learning strategy can be used for the teaching of Basic science and  Technology to enhance high achievement in both female, male, rural and urban areas.

Keywords: Basic science and Technology, Difficulty concepts, pictorial organizer and Students academic achievement

How to Cite
LONGYIL, Sonia Ishaku; AGBO, Felicia O.. Effects of Pictorial Organizer on Basic Science and Technology Perceived Difficult Concepts and Students’ Achievement in Plateau State, Nigeria. KIU Journal of Humanities, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 223-235, july 2020. ISSN 2522-2821. Available at: <https://ijhumas.com/ojs/index.php/kiuhums/article/view/913>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2022.