A Magical Realist Reading of Mikhail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita (Мастер и Маргарита)
The novel has three sections, but this study focuses on the third part which illuminates the magical experience of Margarita. While a critic examined novel as a bitter satire aimed at the Soviet regime. Another suggests that two heroes bear Russian national character. The pureness of the moral shape of Margarita, and the portrayal of Master as a skillful and most respected person in Russia. Others view the novel as a plea for man to overcome the evils which seem to control him and his world. While friction between Woland’s group and Muscovites is seen as conflict of interest by another critic. But this study focuses on magical realism. The paper adopted textual analysis as method of data collection, while magical realism is used as the theoretical framework. Magical realism is set in a world with authentic descriptions of humans and society. It aims to seize the paradox of the union of opposites; it challenges binary oppositions like life and death and the pre-colonial past versus the post-industrial present. Magical elements and the mundane are interwoven seamlessly, making it impossible to determine where reality ends and the extraordinary begins. Metamorphosis of Margarita from a woman in a witch. Supernatural use of a broom and a hog as means of transportation. Carnivalesque scene on a monkey band stand and arrival of some guests in coffins occupied by corpses.
Keywords: Margical realism, Maragrita, metamorphosis, supernatural, carnivalesque