Impact of Neo-Liberal Policies over Employment and Development of Agricultural Workers in India

  • Nida Fatima Aligarh Muslim University, India


It is widely established that poverty incidence is very high in most of Rural-India and it is clear that rural poverty is particularly significant both in absolute and in relative terms. Moreover the picture appears rather bleak in terms of trends, since the available information on poverty trends suggests that poverty has, on average slightly increased over the years. The implementation of the Neo-liberal economic policies has led to greater concentration and centralization of land and resources, thereby sharpening the peasant class differentiation. Rural India is characterized by large number of agricultural workers majority of whom either are still  landless or owning a very small piece of land and depending on the hiring out of their labour for meeting their needs of bare subsistence. This ever growing reserve army of rural agricultural workers is largely unorganized; with the exception of a few states and the implementation of the Neo-liberal policies have led to the proletarianization of the indebted and pauperized peasantry. This paper tries to show how the sustainability of small-scale cultivation, which largely characterizes Indian agriculture, though not in a homogeneous or undifferentiated manner, has been one of the important casualties of the trajectory of neo-liberal policies into which the country embarked upon in the early nineties.

Keywords: Neo-liberal Policies, Employment, Development, Agricultural workers etc.

How to Cite
FATIMA, Nida. Impact of Neo-Liberal Policies over Employment and Development of Agricultural Workers in India. KIU Journal of Humanities, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 3, p. 47-53, oct. 2019. ISSN 2522-2821. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 jan. 2022.