Efficacy of Narrative Exposure Therapy and Gender Differences on Psychological Trauma Symptoms among Internally Displaced Persons in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

  • Dashit Samsom Ishaya University of Jos, Nigeria.
  • John Gospel Gana University of Jos, Nigeria.
  • Teplong Joyce Ibrahim Plateau State University, Bokkos, Nigeria.

Abstract

There has been increasing need for empirical literatures on psychological trauma symptoms and corresponding therapies, considering pockets of traumatic events in Nigeria. The present study assesses efficacy of narrative exposure therapy and gender differences on psychological trauma symptoms among internally displaced persons (IDPs). A repeated measures design, which helps to examine pre-test and post-test outcomes, was adopted. Study participants were 24 IDPs (8 males and 16 females) who were randomly selected and assigned into two groups. All the participants were assessed with Trauma Symptoms Checklist-40 (TSCL-40), as the treatment group had 10 sessions of therapy while control group was without intervention. The study hypothesis was statistically tested, using one-way analysis of variance. Findings revealed that there is no significant gender differences in the efficacy of narrative exposure therapy on the IDPs’ psychological trauma [F (1, 10) = 2.077, p = 0.180 (p>.05)]. The result also shows no remarkable reduction in symptoms among both treatment and control participants. This means, in addition to lack of significant gender differences, the narrative exposure therapy had no significant effects on the participants’ psychological trauma. There is need for using stratified random sampling in further studies, not just a simple random sampling, to ensure gender balance and the sample size adequacy. A more representative sample of that nature would, probably, further influence the study outcomes.


Keywords: Gender differences; Internally displaced persons; Narrative exposure therapy;


Psychological trauma symptoms; Repeated measures design

Published
2019-07-20
How to Cite
ISHAYA, Dashit Samsom; GANA, John Gospel; IBRAHIM, Teplong Joyce. Efficacy of Narrative Exposure Therapy and Gender Differences on Psychological Trauma Symptoms among Internally Displaced Persons in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. KIU Journal of Humanities, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 169-177, july 2019. ISSN 2522-2821. Available at: <https://ijhumas.com/ojs/index.php/kiuhums/article/view/560>. Date accessed: 27 jan. 2022.