Cognitive Style and Gender as Predictors of Students’ Academic Performance in Basic Science and Technology in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

  • John Olakunle Babayemi Akwa Ibom State University,Kot Akpaden, Nigeria

Abstract

This survey study investigated influence of cognitive styles on students’ academic performance in basic science and technology in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area. Two main objectives guided the study. The population of this study comprised of 1679 (786 male and 893 female) junior secondary one (JSS 1) students. One school was randomly selected from schools in the study area. Convenience sample of eighty (80) students was then used. Two instruments used were- Cognitive Style Test (r=0.82) and Basic Science and Technology Performance Test (r=0.89). Two research questions were posed and answered while two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analyzed using mean scores, T-test and ANOVA. Results showed that there was a significant influence of cognitive style on students’ academic performance in basic science and technology (t=14.953; df=78; p<.05). There was significant difference in the performance of male and female Basic Science and Technology Students with reflective cognitive style and those with impulsive cognitive style {F (1, 79) =12.413; P< 0.05). The result also showed that more male students were found to be impulsive while more female students were reflective. This study therefore, recommended that teachers should determine cognitive styles of the learners as an integral part of lesson preparation to enhance students’ overall learning outcomes in basic science and technology.


Keywords: Cognitive style, Gender, Achievement, Basic Science and Technology

Published
2019-07-20
How to Cite
BABAYEMI, John Olakunle. Cognitive Style and Gender as Predictors of Students’ Academic Performance in Basic Science and Technology in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. KIU Journal of Humanities, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 151-159, july 2019. ISSN 2522-2821. Available at: <https://ijhumas.com/ojs/index.php/kiuhums/article/view/558>. Date accessed: 27 jan. 2022.