Work Demand and Psychological Distress among Pre-School Pupils’ Caregivers: Does Resilience Matter?
This study investigated the moderating effect of resilience between work demand and psychological distress among preschool pupils’ caregivers in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted with a sample of 605 caregivers was chosen through stratified random sampling technique participating. Data were collected using: (i) Demographic Data Form, (ii) Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, (iii) Perceived Work Demand Scale, and (iv) Connor-Davison Resilience Scale. Data were analyzed using Regression Analysis and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient with result tested for significant at .05 level. Findings revealed, that there is a significant positive relationship between psychological distress and resilience (r = .263; p <.001), but not between psychological distress and work demand (r = .071; p >.05). There was a moderating effect of resilience in the relationship between work demand and psychological distress of caregivers. Based on the findings, recommendations were made for research and practice.
Keywords: Caregivers; Pre-School Pupils; Psychological Distress; Resilience; Work Demand