Technical Efficiency of Ofada Rice Producers in Ogun State, Nigeria
The study investigated the technical efficiency of Ofada rice producers in Ogun State, Nigeria. Two multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to collect data from 120 respondents who were purposely and randomly selected. Primary data were obtained through the use of structure questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and stochastic frontier production function were employed for data analysis. The result of the study showed that majority (75.8%) of the respondents are male and the age of majority (40.8%) falls within 51-60 years. About 72.2% of the respondents are married and majority of the respondents (89.9%) are literate. Few of the respondents (1.7%) have farming experience below 5 years. The maximum likelihood estimates revealed that the quantity of seeds, farm size cultivated, labour used and quantity of fertilizer are the production factors affecting Ofada rice efficiency in the study area. These factors explain 90.5% of variation in Ofada rice production in the study area. The result revealed that the age of the respondents, farming experience, annual farm income and non-farm income coefficient are positive which indicates that there is a direct relationship with production efficiency, while formal education and farm size coefficient are negative which implies that an inverse relationship exist between factors and production efficiency. These factors defined are significant to this study. Frequency distribution was used to describe the constraints faced by the rice farmers in the study area. The data revealed that majority (62.5%) of the farmers sampled lack technical skill in operations. Other constraints faced by the farmers are bad transporting system, demand pressure, scarcity of hired labour, lack of farm implements, high cost of production. Funds should be made available to the farmers by government. Orientation programme should be initiated by government on the use of agrochemical to aid production of Ofada rice in the study area so as tackle the demand pressure.
Keywords: Ofada Rice, Fund, Production, Government, Technical efficiency