The Armed-Fulani-Herdsmen and Violent Attacks Against Farmers and Farming Communities in Nigeria: An Overview
The conflict between the Fulani herdsmen and Farmers in Nigeria is a long-aged rivalry. However, the occurrence of violent attacks by the Fulani herders against the farmers and farming communities has been so terrific in the recent time. This paper examines and outlines these incessant attacks and draws the implications. The paper argues that the attacks go beyond the usual conflict that is known between the two groups; that there are two different sects of Fulani herders in Nigeria: the armed and unarmed herders; that the armed-herders are the perpetrators of these violent attacks and they may be another form of an insurgent group in the country. This is because their violent attacks continue to threaten the life and security of Nigerians in and around the affected communities, and the food security of the country as a whole. Therefore, the paper suggests that open grazing should be abolished and the creation and use of ranches should be encouraged among herders in order to end the attacks.
Keywords: Fulani herdsmen; Farmers; Armed; Violent; Attack; Nigeria