A Review of Urban Residential Neighbourhood Security
The history of cities is intertwined with the search for protection from, and the containment of violence. There is a shared lineage between urbanisation and security – from the progressive fortification of cities through aggressive and defensive architecture and the use of siege tactics and enclaves to the rapid expansion of surveillance technologies and the regulation of mobility. However, the modern day urban residential neighbourhood security is creating a wide gap between citizen’s security and privacy. The sheer scale of insecurity in the poor areas or slums means that, in many contexts, it has become routinised or normalised into the functional reality of daily life. Violence is linked to fear and insecurity, which pervades people’s lives, with serious implications for trust, well-being and social capital among communities and individuals. On this note, this paper was borne out the sole aim of having a comprehensive review of urban residential neighbourhood security which however, agrees with literature that the issues that constitute security threat vary across nations in the world and further expounded the five multi-facial security frameworks guiding urban residential neighbourhood security in other to provide justice and sustainable global security.
Keywords: Neighbourhood Security, Insecurity, Urban Violence, Global Security