A Critical Examination of Soteriological Paradigms in Christianity and Islam: The Nigerian Experience
One of the core doctrines that are common to most religions of the world is soteriology (doctrine of salvation). It is an established fact that Christianity and Islam are fundamentally and significantly distinct from one another in several forms. These known distinctions have direct divergent effects against one another. This is true of the principle of Non-contradiction which posits that the contrary of anything is incapable of been true at the same time in its actual sense of it. Therefore, the dogmatic and theological distinctions present in direct contrast with Christianity and Islam cannot be both true in the actual sense of it. Hence, the focus of this research is limited to the comparative analysis and evaluation of the fundamental doctrine of salvation from the Christian and Islamic paradigms. Employing the phenomenological and evaluative approaches with support of several secondary sources, the study practically reflected on the Nigeria situation to draw some inferences to authenticate its findings. Findings revealed among others, that there is synthetic unity between Christian and Islamic soteriology; there is pluralism in the notion of soteriology; and that the discrepancies arising from the Christian and Muslim views on soteriology have caused breach of good relationship between the two religious groups in Nigeria. The paper concluded that even though the concept of salvation is a very thorny issue in Christian-Muslim relations, Christians and Muslims need to agree on the pluralism of salvation.
Keywords: Soteriology; Paradigms; Christianity; Islam