Functional Literacy for Women Education through English Language in the era of Globalization
The main thrust of this paper is to examine the use of English in women literacy programme in Nigeria as it relates to globalization with a view to identifying issues of concern. Methods of assessment involve the use of questionnaire to gather women’s opinion of their literacy development through the use of varieties of English. 1,500 women were randomly selected, using the stratified random sampling technique, across the six geopolitical regions of Nigeria. Findings reveal that more women are becoming literate but literacy among women has gone beyond just learning speaking, reading, and writing English. Women literacy currently involves learning about social networking, business strategies, political and domestic issues. Also, the Nigerian English variety and Nigerian Pidgin English are mostly the media of instruction. Although, many literacy centres are organised privately by NGOs, a few centres are government owned. Hence, there are no structured and standard curricula. The study revealed that only 15.2 per cent of the women population is aware of the existence of any literacy programme. About the same small proportion (15.5 per cent) is aware of the existence of any literacy centres. Comparative analysis among the states shows that states in the North had relatively higher level of awareness of literacy programmes. It is recommended that more attention should be given to women literacy especially in rural areas for total involvement and curriculum standardization. It is hoped that findings from this study will be needful for policy makers, planners and other researchers in other fields of education.
Key words: Functional Literacy; Women Literacy programme; Globalization; Use of English.