Insecurity and Boko Haram Insurgency in Ahmed Yerima’s Pari
The realities of insecurity in the continent can best be described as a continual fluctuation between two extremes; hope and despair; a condition reinforced by guided democratization of the continent and the upsurge in national insecurity propelled by the activities of radical Islamic organisations. Drama, as an instrument of social rejuvenation, becomes a tool of engaging the constant force of insurgency that is controlled by a minority fuelled by partisan politics and orchestrated by greed. This paper contextualises militancy and insurgency as evidence of weakened mechanism in the apparatus of the state. To this end, Yerima’s Pari examines the absurdity and frivolities with which human lives and national security are treated. He also interrogates the complicity of government and individuals in hoisting the flag of the extremists who have constantly held the nation hostage. Adopting Buzan’s conceptualization of state and individual security as a theoretical tool, the paper then explores distinguishing factors that make a state weak or strong. Yerima’s characters, among other things, reveal the plethora of insecurity challenges in the nation, especially through engaging dialogue. We come to the position that the entity encompassing a nation can be distinctly classified either as weak or strong by its strength in confronting insecurity.
Keywords: Boko Haram, Theatrics, Weak State, Governance, Insecurity.