Examining the Impact of Rule of Law in Crime Prevention in Nigeria
This study examined the impact of rule of law on crime prevention in Nigeria. It focused specifically on the aspect of perceived fairness. Ninety-five (95) participants were surveyed and administered with the questionnaire measure. They include forty-seven (47) males and forty-eight (48) females who are residing in the Kaduna metropolis. The selection of participants was done using convenience sampling. The age range of the respondents ranged from 22-28 years of age with a mean of 24.94 and a standard deviation of 2.05. Two instruments were used for data collection: Fairness subscale of Attitude towards the Criminal Legal System Scale (ATCLTS) (Martin & Cohn, 2004) and criminal intention subscale of Measure of Criminal Attitudes and Associates (MCAA; Mills et al., 2002). The study used a cross-sectional design and Pearson correlation was used as the statistics. The result showed that perceived fairness showed a significant negative relationship with criminal intention (r = -.70, p< .001). It was therefore recommended that the legislative arm of government should amend certain aspects of the law that are not fair to the common man and encouraged the Nigerian justice system to be free from external influence in order to increase perceived fairness.
Keywords: Crime, Prevention, Nigeria, Perceived fairness, Rule of law