A Critical Examination of Local Government Administration in Contemporary Nigeria and France
This study examined critically whether Nigerian local authority enjoys relative autonomy in their day to day operations from the central and state governments as that of local authority in many advanced countries do. It is against this backdrop that the study examined the government tier structure of France and Nigeria. The study adopted qualitative method. Data collected was through books, journals, published and unpublished articles and materials and internet. Case-law books complemented the major sources of data. It was discovered that France and Nigeria exhibit divergence in the manner of constitutions, which provides difference in degree of autonomy enjoyed by the local government. The study concluded that in Nigeria the structure has not lifted the local government beyond an embedded system in a dual federal structure in which the states merely deal with local governments as appendages rather than as separate tier of government. And that in France, the structure provides relative political and fiscal autonomy, but inhibits smooth fiscal control by federal government that makes constitutional changes more frequent. Finally, and against the drub in both experiences, it is seen that federalization through constitutionalism still has its limits.
Keywords: Advanced countries, Contemporary Nigeria, Local autonomy, Local authority, Local Government, Tiers