Situating Suicide as an Epistemological Problem
Knowing how, knowing that, and knowing to do, pose difficult questions in moral epistemology. The paper argues that moral knowledge is neither knowing how nor knowing that, but knowing to do. Knowing to do is to be rationally disposed to the right thing. When we talk about moral judgment we often refers to our conscience, hence our moral life is made up of the moral decisions we take. Can we ever know that it is wrong to commit suicide? Can we ever have some justifications for believing whether suicide is morally right or wrong, just or unjust? Suicidal trends have always existed with greater or lesser intensity from one period to another. The circumstances that cause suicide are infinite in number, for example we have people who commit suicide in comfortable circumstance while others commit suicide in an uncomfortable circumstance. The paper calls for a reawaken of our epistemic sensibility, since our conscience is our moral judgment, the paper recommends that we follow the rule of love and unselfishness that is golden rule in order to put an end to the problem of suicide. The most certain way to achieve this is to develop in man the power to coordinate his ideas and feelings so that he is in a position to pursue a definite aim in life, in other words to give epistemic strength to our beliefs and other cognitive acts.
Keywords: Epistemology, suicide, knowing how, knowing that, knowing to do.