African Bureaucracy and Cost of Governance: Road Map for Resolving the High Cost of Governance in Africa
Cost of governance in Africa has been a serious challenge to development and concern to scholars alike. Cost of governance is making it difficult for governments to implement development plans and projects. Mismanagement and waste appear to be the order of things as high recurrent expenditure, corruption; budget deficit and fiscal indiscipline continue to plague public finance. All these have led to underdevelopment in all facets of human endeavor coupled with the world economic recession that has threatened global economic management. It is against this background the paper within the framework of public interest theory examines the interface between African bureaucracies and cost of governance and its attendant effect on Africa’s development. This study was carried out using qualitative desktop method in deriving data for addressing the issues raised. Over 25 literature were consulted and analysed in order to establish the nexus between African bureaucracy and cost of governance. Subsequently, relevant sources of this research were fairly and professionally scrutinised, understood and tested with the available literature for the purpose of the research. Inter alia, it included scan-reading, comprehensive and critical reading and writing down ideas. Authoritative scholarly sources were reviewed, during a desktop study. The purpose was to identify the relevant publications and apply them in the research. This paper utilizes the qualitative research design to gain an insight into the nature and character of African bureaucracy and cost of governance. It is also exploratory because the paper attempts to establish the nexus between African bureaucracy and cost of governance as well as its implications on development in Africa. This article, which is theoretical in nature, drew its arguments mostly from secondary data, which included, textbooks, journal publications and internet sources. The paper argues that, bureaucracy still holds the keys to financial transparency, probity and accountability. It can do this however, if it embraces ethical rebirth, the rule of law and Constitutionalism, international best practices in management of resources and good governance, among other remedial steps. The paper concludes that bureaucracy in Africa should help manage the resources of the state in a manner that much money is conserved for developmental purposes. Ironically, the civil bureaucracies have become huge drain on the scarce resources of the State through a number of avenues; some are official while others illicit.
Keywords: Accountability, administration, civil service, efficiency, prudent